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This dataset contains the seismic site-response zonation map for the Netherlands. The site-response (amplification) zonation map for the Netherlands is designed by transforming geological 3D grid cell models into five classes and an amplification factor (AF) is assigned to most of the classes. This site-response assessment, presented on a nationwide scale is important for a first identification of regions with increased seismic hazard potential, for example at locations with mining or geothermal energy activities. The site-response zonation map enables a prediction of site-response after a local earthquake as recommended in the following. It is very important to note that lithological information from geological voxel models is based on spatial interpolation and aimed at interpretations on regional scale. As a consequence, the presented site-response zonation map is also designed for regional interpretation, and not on individual grid cell scale. Furthermore, at locations with large subsurface heterogeneity, the interpretation should be handled with care. Additional local investigations measurements should be performed at sites of interest in order to assess the site-response in detail. For the map presented, the uncertainties to keep in mind are: first, the AF distribution along the classes, and secondly the uncertainty of the geological model used. The AF is designed to be added to an input seismic signal at a reference horizon with a shear-wave velocity of 500 m/s. This AF is class-dependent and covering only frequencies of 1-10 Hz. Furthermore, the AF does not reflect the maximum amplification that might occur within a smaller frequency band. Moreover, in the country's southern regions, a topographic effect may influence the site-response. It is important to mention that for now these areas are aggregated in Class V and require additional detailed site investigations for site-response assessment. The zonation map is based on digital geological models DGM, NL3D and GeoTOP (www.dinoloket.nl/subsurface-models) resampled to a regular grid (100m by 100m). The AF and associated uncertainty per class are available from the NetCDF metadata.
The 30 year average values of various climate variables per month, season or year. Ordered by climate variable.
Dataset containing hourly data files provided by Ruisdael Observatory's Metek Micro Rain Radar (SN 0512067699) placed at KNMI’s Remote Sensing Site in Cabauw. Time interval of measurements is 10 seconds and the range resolution is preferred to be set to 35 meters.
Unvalidated soil temperature profile and soil heat fluxes at Cabauw on a 10-minute basis. The data is updated realtime, so the last file might not contain all data yet. For more information about how to interpret the data, please read: https://cdn.knmi.nl/knmi/pdf/bibliotheek/knmipubTR/TR384.pdf. Please note: Due to dataset maintenance, data uploading has been halted temporarily since 01-10-2021 for an unspecified time.
Unvalidated short wave and longwave in and outgoing radiation at the surface from Cabauw on a 10-minute basis. The data is updated realtime, so the last file might not contain all data yet. For more information about how to interpret the data, please read: https://cdn.knmi.nl/knmi/pdf/bibliotheek/knmipubTR/TR384.pdf.
The frequency tables or figures showing how often the wind per direction per speed (in Bft) has occurred in 30 years.
The 30 year average values of various climate variables per 10 days. Ordered by station of the KNMI rain gauge network. Traditionally the months are divided in 2 times 10 days and the remainder of the month.
The 30 year average value of a climate variable on 1 specific date.
The 30 year average values of various climate variables per 10 days. Organized by automatic weather station (AWS). Traditionally the months are divided in 2 times 10 days and the remainder of the month.
The 30 year average values of various climate variables. Determined per month, per season and per year. Organized by automatic weather stations (AWS).